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Study examines stress fractures of the foot and ankle in athletes

by MASS4D® Insoles November 14, 2018

MASS4D® Medical Review

Stress fractures of the foot and ankle seem to be becoming common these days because of factors such as longer participation in sports, the popularity of more extreme sporting activities and an increased awareness of the condition.

Such fractures occur because of repetitive stress on a bone that leads to micro-fractures faster than the bone can heal on its own.

This initial stage of bone failure is generally called a stress reaction. If it continues uninterrupted, it becomes a true stress fracture.

These type of fractures are commonly found among military recruits, runners and athletes involved in jumping activities.


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The internal factors that contribute to the development of stress fractures include foot posture problems, leg length differences and unhealthy hormonal levels.

External factors may include type of activity, intense training, faulty equipment, footwear problems, training surfaces, poor technique and inadequate nutrition.

It is reported that women athletes are often more vulnerable to stress fractures if they're suffering from the “female athlete triad” – eating disorders, absence of the menstrual cycle and osteoporosis.

Some of the sports that are commonly listed as increasing the risk of stress fractures in female athletes include long-distance running, figure skating and gymnastics.

Physical examination might reveal pain upon placing weight on the area of fracture and tenderness near the site of injury.

Treatment programmes should involve a detailed examination of diet, nutrition, medicines, daily activities, footwear and menstrual cycle in female athletes.

However, it is best to first categorise the fracture as either a ‘high-risk’ or ‘low-risk’ fracture so that treatment can be recommended accordingly.

To read the full study, please click here: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4212349/

MASS4D® Insoles can be used as way to reduce the repetitive stress patterns of the foot and ankle structure. This way, you can continue pursuing your favourite sport without worrying about injuries that can otherwise force you to stop.

Another advantage of these insoles is the promotion of healthy movement patterns that can help in enhancing athletic performance. This means, you can expect an improvement in your running form while wearing MASS4D® Insoles.


Foot Pain Relief, Injury Prevention, Better Posture and Sports Performance in One Insole     buy now


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