Foot Pain Relief, Injury Prevention, Better Posture and Sports Performance in One Insole know more
What happens to your body with flat feet
Since your feet guide the movement of your whole body, having flat feet can cause considerable changes in the rest of your body.
When the foot arch is no longer visible, your feet do not move the way they’re supposed to and the rest of your body tries to adapt to this unhealthy movement.
With a flattened arch, your foot has a tendency to excessively roll inwards. This forces your legs to twist inwards as well, placing unnecessary stress on the ankles, knees, hips and lower back.
As a result, you may start experiencing pain and discomfort in your muscles and joints over time. You’ll find this pain becoming intense after engaging in activities that involve a lot of physical movement.
Flat feet also cause problems in the way your body is aligned, having a visible impact on posture – the knees appear inwardly bent, the hips forward-tilted and the lower back overly curved.
If left untreated for a long period of time, such posture problems may cause joint pain, arthritis and muscle tension because of the strain on your body from trying to adapt to the lack of foot support.
Since the ankle moves beyond its healthy range of motion, flat feet are known to increase the chances of ankle sprains and falls. This can be especially harmful to the elderly population because of the damaging effects such falls can have on the body.
Unhealthy foot posture, such as flat feet, means there is also an uneven distribution of weight that can cause pain in different areas of the foot. In other words, the chances of your feet hurting while running or playing sports increase when you have poor foot posture.
There may also be an increased loss of energy and fatigue which can affect your overall performance during a game.
How are flat feet caused
You may have flat feet because of a family history of flat arches; it is common for this condition to be passed down from generation to generation.
This is the reason why flat feet are sometimes found in young children above the age of 10 years.
Obesity is another factor responsible for flattened arches; having excess weight can weaken the muscles supporting the foot arch, causing it to flatten over time.
The extra weight carried during pregnancy is known to have the same effect on the arches of the feet. Plus, the release of the hormone relaxin during the last trimester can lead to an increase in the flexibility of ligaments all over the body, including the feet.
Weakening of the arch muscles can also happen because of normal wear and tear that occurs with the ageing process. This increases your foot’s tendency to roll inwards.
With age, there is also a possibility of the ligaments and tendons in the foot not stretching or contracting like they would in a normal foot. This can cause loss of elasticity.
For example, if the plantar fascia ligament, that runs through the bottom of the foot, loses elasticity, it may not be able to support the foot arch properly. This could cause the foot arch to collapse under bodyweight, which can create abnormal movements in the foot and ankle.
In some cases, conditions such as diabetes can damage the nerves required for movement; this impacts the way your foot functions, leading to foot posture problems over a period of time.