3-4 days free worldwide delivery

Age Estimation Based on a Radiographic Study of the Growing Foot

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics May 01, 2017

Abstracts

The authors sought to determine a predictive model of data, differentiated by gender, from a radiographic study of the skeleton of the foot as an alternative to the classic study of the hand.

The study included 2,476 digital radiographs from 816 individuals aged 0 to 21 years; these radiographs were weightbearing lateral, weightbearing dorsoplantar, and oblique images of right and left feet.

Image analysis was performed following the system validated by Whitaker et al. designed to estimate the age in months from the skeletal radiograph of the foot.

It consists of applying graded scales of stages of ossification of each of the growing foot bones; the system has three independent scales applicable to each foot bone, always given that the foot is in the process of maturation.


Offer your Patients a Custom Calibrated Insole with a 98% Patient Satisfaction Rate     know more


Each foot bone is assigned three numbers: grading of the primary centre, grading of the secondary centre, and the degree of fusion.

The radiographs were visualised and analysed by four qualified examiners (podiatric physicians and radiologists) at different intervals.

The authors established that for females, the determination of the bone data

can be estimated with minimal bias from the following bones: the fusion of the fifth metatarsal, the secondary ossification centre of the fourth metatarsal, the cuboid in its maximum degree of maturation, the fusion of the proximal phalanx of the fifth toe, and the fusion of the proximal phalanx of the great toe.

The following bones best predict age for males: the fusion of the fifth metatarsal, the primary centre of the scaphoid, the peroneal sesamoid, the primary ossification centre of the middle phalanx of the third toe, the secondary ossification centre of the distal phalanx of the second toe, the fusion of the proximal phalanx of the great toe, and the fusion of the proximal phalanx of the second toe.

The foot can be considered as a good predictor of an individual’s age from birth to complete bone maturity.

Copyright 2017 MASS4D® All rights reserved. 


Offer your Patients a Custom Calibrated Insole with a 98% Patient Satisfaction Rate     know more


References:

  1. Gomez-Martin, B., Escamilla-Martinez, E., Fernandez-Seguin, L. M., Santiago-Saez, A., Sanchez-Sanchez, J. A., Diaz-Mancha, J. A. (2017) Age Estimation Based on a Radiographic Study of the Growing Foot. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association: March/April 2017, Vol. 107, No. 2, pp. 106-111.

Leave a comment

Comments will be approved before showing up.


Also in Clinicians Blog

Abstracts
Foot and ankle history and clinical examination: A guide to everyday practice

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics August 12, 2018

This review summarises the keys points in taking a full history and performing a systematic clinical examination for patients with foot and ankle problem.

Read More

Abstracts
A comparison of running kinetics in children with and without genu varus: A cross sectional study

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics August 07, 2018

The aims of the present study were to examine differences in three dimensional ground reaction forces (GRF) during running at preferred speed in boys with genu varus compared to age-matched healthy controls.

Read More

Abstracts
Foot Structure in Boys with Down Syndrome

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics July 29, 2018

The aim of this study was the analysis of selected features of the foot structure in boys with Down Syndrome (DS) versus their age- and gender-matched peers without the condition.

Read More