3-4 days free worldwide delivery

Illness perception, diabetes knowledge and self-care practices among type-2 diabetes patients: a cross-sectional study

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics February 06, 2018

Abstracts

This study examined whether type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients’ illness perception and diabetes knowledge can significantly predict diabetes self-care practices.

Patients with T2DM receiving health care at a public health facility in Accra, Ghana constituted the population for the study.

A self-care practice questionnaire was prepared which consisted of five domains of diabetes self-care practices: diet, exercise, blood sugar testing, foot care and medications.

A diabetes knowledge test was also used, consisting of 24 items. Each question had a correct response and two wrong responses.


Offer your Patients a Custom Calibrated Insole with a 98% Patient Satisfaction Rate     know more


A brief illness perception questionnaire with 9 items measured patients’ cognitive and emotional representations of their illness with regards to their perceptions of illness consequences, duration, personal control, treatment control, symptoms, coherence, concern, emotional response and causes.

Results from the analysis showed that illness perception significantly predicted overall self-care practices among persons living with type-2 diabetes.

That is, when patients hold more threatening views about their illness, they tend to engage in less diabetes self-care practices.

The impact of illness perception is not limited to the overall illness perceptions as other researchers have found specific domains such as timeline, controllability, severity and illness coherence to be predictive of diabetes self-care practices among a sample of diabetic patients in developed countries.

Further analysis of the predictive effects of illness perception on the domain specific diabetes self-care practices showed that illness perception only predicted diet and exercise practices among persons living with type-2 diabetes.

The findings from the current study have implications for the involvement of psychologists in the delivery of diabetes care as the cognitive and emotional representation of the illness by the patients could pose a great challenge to their engagement in diabetes self-care practices especially within the dietary and exercise domains.

Copyright 2018 MASS4D® All rights reserved.


Offer your Patients a Custom Calibrated Insole with a 98% Patient Satisfaction Rate     know more


References:

  1. Kugbey, N., Asante, K. O., Adulai, K. (2017) Illness Perception, Diabetes Knowledge and Self-care Practices Among Type-2 Diabetes Patients: A Cross-sectional Study. BMC Research Notes: 2017, Vol. 10, No. 381. DOI: 10.1186/s13104-017-2707-5

Leave a comment

Comments will be approved before showing up.


Also in Clinicians Blog

Abstracts
Prevention of Diabetic Foot Complications

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics November 13, 2018

This paper aimed to discuss the importance of prevention and the authors’ protocol for prevention – in the form of education and foot screening – and to review the existing evidence in the literature regarding the effectiveness of the preventive approach.

Read More

Abstracts
Foot Disorders, Foot Posture, and Foot Function: The Framingham Foot Study

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics November 04, 2018

The purpose of this study was to assess the relation between foot disorders, and foot posture and function in a population-based sample of adults.

Read More

Abstract
Potential for foot dysfunction and plantar fasciitis according to the shape of the foot arch in young adults

by MASS4D® Prescription Orthotics October 30, 2018

This study aimed to verify the potential for functional abnormality of the foot and plantar fasciitis among people with flat feet.

Read More