The hamstring muscles are located on the back of the thighs and are responsible for hip extension and knee flexion. Tight hamstrings are prevalent in people who sit for long hours and cause limited movement of the low back and legs.
Passive stretching is a technique that aims to lengthen the musculo-tendinous tissues with the use of some sort of external assistance such as a towel, resistance band, bodyweight or even a training partner. Experts typically recommend avoiding passive stretches just before physical activities, using them instead as a cool down or recovery day tool.
Hold-Relax technique stretching is called Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) stretching that can trigger a reflex response. This enhances communication between the muscle fibres and the brain. PNF is viewed as one of the most effective stretching methods to improve range of motion.
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